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The Faculty of Medicine was established in 1966 with admission to train Nigerian doctors who would provide medical services to the people particularly in the Northern part.  The Medical Faculty was inaugurated amidst a civil war resulting in shortage of funds and staff but the first students commenced training in 1967.  The Faculty consists of pre-clinical and clinical arms. The pre-clinical arm which is on the main campus of the University consists of the following Departments: Human Anatomy, Human Physiology, Community Medicine and Nursing Sciences.

The Department of Human Anatomy was established in the year 1967 primarily for the training of Medical Doctors.  However, with the introduction of Pharmaceutical Sciences B.Sc. Honoursprogrammes in Human Anatomy and Physiology, and the recent introduction of B.Nursing Sciences, the Department is saddled with the responsibility of not only training Medical Doctors but also Pharmacist, Anatomists, Physiologists and Nurses.  The Department has also been involved in the training of Medical Laboratory Scientists. In addition, the department is involved in the teaching and training of postgraduate students in the field of anatomy. This was borne out of the demand for anatomists with postgraduate training and qualifications in medical schools due to the growing number of tertiary institutions nationwide.

Since its inception, the department has trained anatomists who have adapted into several scientific disciplines e.g. molecular biology, biotechnology, anthropology, public health and cell biology. 

The Faculty of Medicine is a complex of buildings which houses the Departments of Human Anatomy, Department of Human Physiology and provides accommodation for the Department of Community Medicine and Nursing.  The original concept was that it should serve as a Centre of Excellence for the Teaching of Pre-clinical Medical subjects for other Universities in the North as well as for Ahmadu Bello in the same way as Oxford and Cambridge Universities does for the London Teaching Hospitals. The buildings making up the Complex are laid out around a Central Quadrangle giving the appearance of a College.  The Quadrangle is paved peripherally around a centrally placed grass lawn.  The towers for staircases and lifts are on the inside walls of the blocks facing the Quadrangle.  These features together with the cloistered effect on the ground floor level of the façade which is set back from the columns of the structural frame give this Complex a dignified academic look.

The Department of Anatomy building consists of two main blocks, one 4 storey and the other 3 storey.  These contain a large Student Audio-Visual Aids Laboratory, a student Library/Reading Room, the extensive Research facilities, good staff accommodation consisting of offices/laboratories and general purpose research laboratories, sophisticated student teaching laboratories for Histology, Dissection and Dental Anatomy, Tutorial rooms, Demonstration theatres for Microscopy and gross Anatomy and extensive student locker/lavatory areas.
Furthermore, the building has several individual Areas of Excellence which are of tremendous benefit to the nation but in particular the Northern States.  This has placed the Department and the Faculty of Medicine at Ahmadu Bello University in a highly respected position. 
These areas include:-

      1. A Grade ‘B’ Radioisotopes’ Suite.
      2. An Electron Microscopy Suit for three microscopes including a scanner.
      3. A sophisticated Animal House which is fully air-conditioned and can provide the varied environments necessary for a wide range of animals (including monkeys and small farm animals).
      4. An Experimental Operating Theatre Suite.
      5. An Autopsy Suite.
      6. A sophisticated Tissue Culture/Microbiological Suite.
      7. A modern Electron-Physiology Suite, (E.E.G’s, E.C.G’s and E.M.G’s will be carried out here as patient service).
      8. A Computerized Tomographic X-Ray Scanning Unit which represents one of the most advanced developments in Medicine today and is a superb diagnostic tool.
      9. An Ultra-Sonic Scanning Unit which is another superb diagnostic tool complementing (8) and of special value in Obstetrics.
      10. A modern Photographic Suite.
      11. A comprehensive Suite of Histological/Histochemical Preparation and Research Laboratories.
      12. A Physical Anthropology/Human Biology Research Laboratory.
      13. A comprehensive closed Circuit Colour Television Centre.
      14. An Embryology and Developmental Biology Laboratory